Pictures of how I replaced the interlock relay on my 87-95 Nissan Pathfinder with manual transmission.
After 10 or more years in service, the Pathfinder suffers a common starting problem. I would turn the key and it made a clicking noise but the engine wouldn't turn over. I'd turn the key a few times and then it would catch and run fine. I tested the battery and alternator, both fine. I cleaned all the corrosion off the battery and replaced the corroded ground cable, but this didn't help.
Then I replaced the interlock relay.
GOOD TO KNOW:
- IGNITION-Switch is where I turn the key by the steering wheel.
- Interlock-RELAY is the thing by the battery, which sends high current to the starter. It makes sure the clutch is depressed, and that the key is turned, before it will power the starter.
- RELAY-Switch is inside the Interlock-Relay, between terminals 87 and 30. The relay closes this switch to power the starter solenoid.
Juice goes from (+) battery -> to ignition switch -> to interlock relay -> to starter.
Replacing the Relay:
- Radio Shack 12 volt 30 amp automotive relay
- 14 gauge wire
- 12 gauge wire
- wire connectors
- wire cutter/stripper tool
- electrical tape
- Spliced about 6 inches of wire onto each connector on the relay. Used the thin wire on the electromagnet terminals (85 and 86), the thick wire on the switch terminals (87 and 30).
Located the old interlock relay.
It is a blue plastic box on the side of the engine compartment right behind the battery.
Mine was burned by acid from the battery.
Pulled the relay down, off its mounting bracket.
It helps to remove the battery or at least move it over to have some room to work.
Cut the wires that run to the relay.
Left enough wire sticking out of the wire harness so I can splice new wire onto it.
Removed the mounting bracket.
Spliced the new relay in. Thick wires to thick wires, thin wires to thin wires.
It is just a magnet and a switch, so polarity does not matter (As I understand it).
Taped it all up. Secured it to the side of the engine compartment
with a screw from the mounting bracket into one of the old holes.
Turned the key and the engine should start.
The new switch didn't help much, so maybe the fault is in the old wiring, and not the switch. Therefore I rewired the interlock-relay directly to battery.
- Then I finished my beer.
Mendo_Nut wrote ( 2/1/2011 10:35:48 AM )
Pancho wrote ( 2/28/2012 2:36:07 PM )
Garage wrote ( 3/1/2012 8:54:25 AM )
SHAWN wrote ( 6/6/2013 2:42:57 PM )
Garage wrote ( 7/12/2013 9:27:53 AM )
Tim wrote ( 9/10/2013 4:43:02 PM )
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Maria wrote ( 3/11/2014 6:11:12 AM )
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Last modified: 11/25/2013